Neutering my dog – What’s really involved?

What is involved in neutering my dog?

  • – Assuming the pre-op blood work reveals no underlying problems, a pre-anesthetic injection with pain medication is given.
  • – A small area of the front leg is shaved and an IV catheter is then placed for administering fluids and medications.
  • – The endotracheal (breathing) tube is placed for inhalation anesthesia.
  • – As your dog’s heart and breathing are monitored by a NYS licensed veterinary technician, another clips the surgical site.
  • As the surgeon scrubs and “gowns up,” the patient is moved to the surgery table; the incision site is scrubbed and sterilized.
  • The patient is connected to a respiratory monitor, and anesthesia is adjusted and monitored.
  • A small incision is made, and the surgery begins, which takes approximately 45 minutes.
  • The testicles are surgically removed. (We’ll spare you the details here!)
  • After closing the 2 layers with absorbable suture, the patient is transferred to the observation area where he is closely watched until his endotracheal tube can be safely removed and he is in sternal recumbancy (lying up on his chest).
  • It is at this time that we usually call to assure you that all has gone well, and to schedule your dog’s discharge appt.
  • Cleaning and sterilization of the operating room and surgical instruments then begins to prepare for the next surgery.
  • When the patient is awake and able to walk, he is transferred to a hospital ward kennel, and is regularly checked.
  • Later that day, the doctor examines the patient and inspects the incision.
  • As the pain medication from the morning wears off, it is determined whether an oral pain medication should be sent home with your dog.
  • It will soon be time to go home!

What pain medications will my dog receive?

Because it is not full abdominal surgery, dogs recover more quickly from neutering with significantly less pain than a spay. Initially, an injection of a morphine-like drug is given as part of the pre-anesthetic medication. The effect lasts approximately 12 hours. That evening when the dog is re-examined, if he seems uncomfortable, he will be sent home with additional oral pain medication.

Why are I.V. fluids included?

As with human surgeries, intravenous fluid therapy is an integral part of anesthetic procedures at the Livonia Veterinary Hospital. Anesthesia can lower blood pressure during any surgery. The intravenous fluids increase blood volume, thereby maintaining your dog’s blood pressure at a safer level. In addition, should drugs ever be required in an unexpected situation, the indwelling catheter provides us immediate IV access.

Why is pre-operative blood work required? (My dog is young and healthy.)

Pre-op blood work provides the same benefits as with human surgery. The tests check for anemia, and tell us if your dog’s organs, particularly those associated with the metabolism of the anesthetic agents, are functioning properly. If congenital or age related abnormalities are identified, anesthesia protocols can be modified to ensure optimal safety during the procedure. If all is normal, we have established a valuable baseline for future reference.

How can all this be done for such a reasonable cost?

In an effort to reduce the number of unwanted puppies and kittens, Livonia Veterinary Hospital has subsidized the cost of your dog’s neuter. Another comparably involved surgery would certainly be more, and comparable human procedures would cost thousands more. It is important to note, however, that even with the costs reduced, your dog has received the best veterinary care possible. We perform the procedure using the highest standards available today to minimize the risk of infection and make the procedure as pain free as possible. Be assured that high quality veterinary care is never compromised at Livonia Veterinary Hospital.

Should I do anything special when my dog comes home?

  • For a week or so after surgery, you should keep your dog’s activity restricted, though walks are fine. Do not encourage running, jumping, and other active play.
  • He may be a little quiet and sleep more than usual the first day or two. After all, he is recovering from surgery!
  • You may feed and water your dog as you do usually. No special diet is required.
  • You will need to examine incision daily. Absorbable sutures are used so there is no need to return for suture removal.
  • As always, be sure to call us us if you have any questions or concerns.
Location Hours
Monday8:00am – 6:30pm
Tuesday8:00am – 6:30pm
Wednesday8:00am – 6:30pm
Thursday8:00am – 6:30pm
Friday8:00am – 5:00pm
Saturday8:00am – 12:00pm

For your convenience, as well as that of other clients, office visits are by appointment only. On surgery days, patient admission is between 7:30 and 8:15am.